JCCC Honors Journal


Starting in the early 1890s, Art Nouveau was an international movement that integrated two of the most influential forces in the world: art and nature. While these two had been paired since the prehistoric times of Lascaux and Pech Merle, Art Nouveau’s significance and effect extended far beyond any prior attempt. This revolutionary style was seen in paintings, sculpture, architecture, ceramics, and furniture around the world. As Art Nouveau spread to various countries, its definition and ideologies adapted to its surrounding culture. Although Art Nouveau had many followers and patrons, few reached the fame and distinction of Antoni Gaudí. In the mid-1800s, Gaudí came to represent Barcelona’s interpretation of Art Nouveau: Modernisme. His sensational architecture with striking detail is exemplified in works such as the Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia and the Casa Battló. Both of these masterpieces reflect what made Gaudí unique: his flawless use of nature, design highly influenced by religion, and unprecedented modernity. Not only did this pairing allow Gaudí and his style to rise to international fame, but it also elevated Art Nouveau to one of the most notable movements in art history.