JCCC Honors Journal


The goals of this paper are to bring awareness of the increasing diagnoses of diabetes in children, the resources available to help educate the diabetic child and his/her family, the importance of early treatment, diet, and compliance with treatment, and how the education readily available, treatment, and treatment goals differ between European nations and the United States. Multiple topics will be discussed within this paper, the pathophysiological differences between Type I Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) and Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), the differences in the treatment methods for each, nutritional needs, challenges throughout childhood, and the differing outcomes for the two types of Diabetes. Also to be discussed are the differences in how pediatric patients and their families are educated, and the educational tools that are used and readily available in the United States vs. European Nations. Additionally, how the treatment plans and goals differ between the United States and European Nations. Finally, hypothesizes will be drawn on the potential future outcomes of the differing Diabetic treatments and educational methods that are practiced in the United States and Europe.