This article by Joseph Viviano received an Honorable Mention in the Hare & Bell 2022 Writing Contest.


A series of ethical concerns and tradeoffs emerge when technology is politicized and weaponized in an era of strategic competition between western democracies, China, and to a lesser extent, Russia. The invasion of Ukraine is now a brutal reality, with emerging technologies playing no small part in the strategic landscape of the conflict. With technology at the center of this contest, a sound technology policy with full consideration given to ethics is necessary if the United States and its partners wish to avoid losing its status as arbiters of the international order. As an integral component of geopolitical strategic rivalries in an increasingly bipolar world, the introduction of emerging and critical technologies plays an important role in national strategy and will require responsible management to resolve differences short of disastrous conflict and peacefully reconcile authoritarian and democratic ideals.